Tag Archives: Heroku

Simple Staging/Test Environment with Heroku – Ruby on Rails

Hey everyone,

This is just a quick guide on how to create a test/staging environment with Heroku.

-- Create staging environment
heroku create --remote staging
-- Push to staging app
heroku push staging master
-- Run rake db:migrate on staging app
heroku run rake db:migrate --remote staging
-- Add pgbackups add ons
heroku addons:add pgbackups --remote staging
heroku addons:add pgbackups --remote heroku
-- Create backup of production data
heroku pgbackups:capture --remote heroku
-- Copy to staging environemnt
heroku pgbackups:restore DATABASE `heroku pgbackups:url --remote heroku` --remote staging
-- Create a new config file called staging.rb (/config/environments/staging.rb)
-- Add environment variables
heroku config:add RACK_EVN=staging RAILS_ENV=staging --remote staging
-- Ready to go !

For those of you using git branches etc, the following may come in handy as well:

-- Create local development branch
git branch development
-- Switch to dev branch
git checkout development
-- Make your changes and commit them
git init
git add .
git commit -m "My changes"
-- Push to staging environment (local development branch to staging environment master branch)
git push staging development:master

If you run into any trouble, I found the following links pretty helpful:


Let me know if you’ve got anything to add.

Assets:Precompile (Rake Aborted) – Heroku

Hey everyone,

I ran into the following error over the weekend while trying to push to heroku:

Running: rake assets:precompile
rake aborted!
could not connect to server: Connection refused
Is the server running on host “” and accepting
TCP/IP connections on port 5432?

This stackoverflow post helped to solve the issue. All you need to do is add the following line to your application.rb file:

config.assets.initialize_on_precompile = false

Let me know if you have any problems.

WARN Could not determine content-length of response body – Ruby on Rails

Hey everyone

I was going through my development logs today and noticed that the following line was appearing everywhere:

WARN Could not determine content-length of response body. Set content-length of the response or set Response#chunked = true

While nothing appeared to be wrong, it made the logs a lot harder to read. A stackoverflow post indicates that this is a webrick issue that can be avoided by switching to thin. This is also the recommended option for heroku. In order to use thin, you simply need to add it to your Gemfile:

#Added gems
gem 'therubyracer' #JavaScript
gem 'thin' #Instead of webrick

Run bundle install

chris@chris-VirtualBox:~/calendar$ bundle install
Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/...........
Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/..
Using rake (10.0.2) 
Using i18n (0.6.1) 
Using multi_json (1.4.0) 
Using activesupport (3.2.9) 
Using builder (3.0.4) 
Using activemodel (3.2.9) 
Using erubis (2.7.0) 
Using journey (1.0.4) 
Using rack (1.4.1) 
Using rack-cache (1.2) 
Using rack-test (0.6.2) 
Using hike (1.2.1) 
Using tilt (1.3.3) 
Using sprockets (2.2.2) 
Using actionpack (3.2.9) 
Using mime-types (1.19) 
Using polyglot (0.3.3) 
Using treetop (1.4.12) 
Using mail (2.4.4) 
Using actionmailer (3.2.9) 
Using arel (3.0.2) 
Using tzinfo (0.3.35) 
Using activerecord (3.2.9) 
Using activeresource (3.2.9) 
Using bcrypt-ruby (3.0.1) 
Using bundler (1.2.3) 
Using coffee-script-source (1.4.0) 
Using execjs (1.4.0) 
Using coffee-script (2.2.0) 
Using rack-ssl (1.3.2) 
Using json (1.7.5) 
Using rdoc (3.12) 
Using thor (0.16.0) 
Using railties (3.2.9) 
Using coffee-rails (3.2.2) 
Installing daemons (1.1.9) 
Installing eventmachine (1.0.0) with native extensions 
Using jquery-rails (2.1.4) 
Using libv8 ( 
Using pg (0.14.1) 
Using rails (3.2.9) 
Using sass (3.2.3) 
Using sass-rails (3.2.5) 
Using therubyracer (0.10.2) 
Installing thin (1.5.0) with native extensions 
Using uglifier (1.3.0) 
Your bundle is complete! Use `bundle show [gemname]` to see where a bundled gem is installed.

And finally start thin:

chris@chris-VirtualBox:~/calendar$ rails s thin
=> Booting Thin
=> Rails 3.2.9 application starting in development on
=> Call with -d to detach
=> Ctrl-C to shutdown server
>> Thin web server (v1.5.0 codename Knife)
>> Maximum connections set to 1024
>> Listening on, CTRL+C to stop

If you’d prefer to keep using Webrick, the following patch is said to resolve the issue:

Heroku Timezones – Ruby on Rails

Hey everyone,

Just a quick post on how to adjust the timezone on Heroku, comes in handy when using the log files.

$ heroku config:add TZ=Australia/Brisbane

There is a fairly detailed StackOverflow post at the following link if anyone is interested in more info:

The language options can also be found on the following wikipedia page:

Stop an Application – Heroku

Just a quick post on how to stop an app on Heroku:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# heroku maintenance:on
Maintenance mode enabled.

This will display a static page to all visitors but still allows for migrations etc:

Heroku - Application Offline for Maintenance

Heroku - Application Offline for Maintenance

To re-enable the app simply use the following:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# heroku maintenance:off
Maintenance mode disabled.

Heroku Upload – Permission Denied

I ran into a bit of trouble uploading an app to heroku for the first time, I was unable to authenticate.

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# git push heroku master
Permission denied (publickey).
fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly

This turned out to be an issue with my public key, in order to fix it simply create a new one:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# ssh-keygen -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 

Re-upload it:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# heroku keys:add /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
Uploading ssh public key /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub

And finally re-push everything:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# git push heroku master
Enter passphrase for key '/root/.ssh/id_rsa': 
Counting objects: 579, done.
Compressing objects: 100% (513/513), done.
Writing objects: 100% (579/579), 6.09 MiB | 83 KiB/s, done.
Total 579 (delta 101), reused 0 (delta 0)

-----> Heroku receiving push
-----> Ruby/Rails app detected

This Heroku page actually provides quite a bit of info if you’re still having problems: http://devcenter.heroku.com/articles/rails3

PostgreSQL Installation Error – Ruby

I ran into a bit of problem moving an app to a test Heroku host – I needed to install PostgreSQL. I added the following to my Gemfile:

#gem 'sqlite3'
gem 'pg'

I then tried to run bundle install:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# bundle install

However I received the following error:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# bundle install

Fetching source index for http://rubygems.org/
Using rake (0.9.2) 
Using multi_json (1.0.3) 
Using activesupport (3.1.1) 
Using builder (3.0.0) 
Using i18n (0.6.0) 
Using activemodel (3.1.1) 
Using erubis (2.7.0) 
Using rack (1.3.4) 
Using rack-cache (1.1) 
Using rack-mount (0.8.3) 
Using rack-test (0.6.1) 
Using hike (1.2.1) 
Using tilt (1.3.3) 
Using sprockets (2.0.2) 
Using actionpack (3.1.1) 
Using mime-types (1.16) 
Using polyglot (0.3.2) 
Using treetop (1.4.10) 
Using mail (2.3.0) 
Using actionmailer (3.1.1) 
Using arel (2.2.1) 
Using tzinfo (0.3.30) 
Using activerecord (3.1.1) 
Using activeresource (3.1.1) 
Using bundler (1.0.21) 
Using rack-ssl (1.3.2) 
Using json (1.6.1) 
Using rdoc (3.10) 
Using thor (0.14.6) 
Using railties (3.1.1) 
Using rails (3.1.1) 
Using acts-as-taggable-on (2.1.1) 
Using awesome_nested_set (2.0.2) 
Using bcrypt-ruby (3.0.1) 
Using carrierwave (0.5.7) 
Using cocaine (0.2.0) 
Using coffee-script-source (1.1.2) 
Using execjs (1.2.9) 
Using coffee-script (2.2.0) 
Using coffee-rails (3.1.1) 
Using orm_adapter (0.0.5) 
Using warden (1.0.6) 
Using devise (1.4.8) 
Using escape (0.0.4) 
Using geocoder (1.0.5) from git://github.com/alexreisner/geocoder.git (at no_grouping) 
Using jquery-rails (1.0.16) 
Using libv8 ( 
Using nokogiri (1.5.0) 
Using paperclip (2.4.5) 
Installing pg (0.12.2) with native extensions 
Gem::Installer::ExtensionBuildError: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

        /usr/bin/ruby1.8 extconf.rb 
checking for pg_config... no
No pg_config... trying anyway. If building fails, please try again with
checking for libpq-fe.h... no
Can't find the 'libpq-fe.h header
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of
necessary libraries and/or headers.  Check the mkmf.log file for more
details.  You may need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:

Gem files will remain installed in /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/pg-0.12.2 for inspection.
Results logged to /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/pg-0.12.2/ext/gem_make.out
An error occured while installing pg (0.12.2), and Bundler cannot continue.
Make sure that `gem install pg -v '0.12.2'` succeeds before bundling.

It turned out that because I was on Ubuntu I needed to install the libpq-dev package:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# apt-get install libpq-dev

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  linux-headers-2.6.38-8 linux-headers-2.6.38-8-generic
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
The following extra packages will be installed:
  comerr-dev krb5-multidev libgssapi-krb5-2 libgssrpc4 libk5crypto3
  libkadm5clnt-mit7 libkadm5srv-mit7 libkdb5-4 libkrb5-3 libkrb5-dev
  libkrb5support0 libpq5 libssl-dev
Suggested packages:
  krb5-doc krb5-user postgresql-doc-8.4
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  comerr-dev krb5-multidev libgssrpc4 libkadm5clnt-mit7 libkadm5srv-mit7
  libkdb5-4 libkrb5-dev libpq-dev libpq5 libssl-dev
The following packages will be upgraded:
  libgssapi-krb5-2 libk5crypto3 libkrb5-3 libkrb5support0
4 upgraded, 10 newly installed, 0 to remove and 106 not upgraded.
Need to get 3,142 kB of archives.
After this operation, 8,520 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
Get:1 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libk5crypto3 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [76.7 kB]
Get:2 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libgssapi-krb5-2 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [100 kB]
Get:3 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libkrb5-3 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [327 kB]
Get:4 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libkrb5support0 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [22.2 kB]
Get:5 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libgssrpc4 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [54.6 kB]
Get:6 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libkadm5clnt-mit7 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [38.7 kB]
Get:7 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libkdb5-4 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [38.1 kB]
Get:8 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libkadm5srv-mit7 i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [51.6 kB]
Get:9 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty/main comerr-dev i386 2.1-1.41.14-1ubuntu3 [41.5 kB]
Get:10 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main krb5-multidev i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [82.5 kB]
Get:11 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libpq5 i386 8.4.10-0ubuntu0.11.04.1 [81.6 kB]
Get:12 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty/main libssl-dev i386 0.9.8o-5ubuntu1 [2,019 kB]
Get:13 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libkrb5-dev i386 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2 [15.0 kB]
Get:14 http://au.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main libpq-dev i386 8.4.10-0ubuntu0.11.04.1 [193 kB]
Fetched 3,142 kB in 6s (506 kB/s)                                              
(Reading database ... 167506 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to replace libk5crypto3 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.1 (using .../libk5crypto3_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement libk5crypto3 ...
Preparing to replace libgssapi-krb5-2 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.1 (using .../libgssapi-krb5-2_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement libgssapi-krb5-2 ...
Preparing to replace libkrb5-3 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.1 (using .../libkrb5-3_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement libkrb5-3 ...
Preparing to replace libkrb5support0 1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.1 (using .../libkrb5support0_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement libkrb5support0 ...
Selecting previously deselected package libgssrpc4.
Unpacking libgssrpc4 (from .../libgssrpc4_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libkadm5clnt-mit7.
Unpacking libkadm5clnt-mit7 (from .../libkadm5clnt-mit7_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libkdb5-4.
Unpacking libkdb5-4 (from .../libkdb5-4_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libkadm5srv-mit7.
Unpacking libkadm5srv-mit7 (from .../libkadm5srv-mit7_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package comerr-dev.
Unpacking comerr-dev (from .../comerr-dev_2.1-1.41.14-1ubuntu3_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package krb5-multidev.
Unpacking krb5-multidev (from .../krb5-multidev_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libpq5.
Unpacking libpq5 (from .../libpq5_8.4.10-0ubuntu0.11.04.1_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libssl-dev.
Unpacking libssl-dev (from .../libssl-dev_0.9.8o-5ubuntu1_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libkrb5-dev.
Unpacking libkrb5-dev (from .../libkrb5-dev_1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libpq-dev.
Unpacking libpq-dev (from .../libpq-dev_8.4.10-0ubuntu0.11.04.1_i386.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Processing triggers for doc-base ...
Processing 1 added doc-base file(s)...
Registering documents with scrollkeeper...
Processing triggers for install-info ...
Setting up libkrb5support0 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libk5crypto3 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libkrb5-3 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libgssapi-krb5-2 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libgssrpc4 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libkadm5clnt-mit7 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libkdb5-4 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libkadm5srv-mit7 (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up comerr-dev (2.1-1.41.14-1ubuntu3) ...
Setting up krb5-multidev (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libpq5 (8.4.10-0ubuntu0.11.04.1) ...
Setting up libssl-dev (0.9.8o-5ubuntu1) ...
Setting up libkrb5-dev (1.8.3+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2) ...
Setting up libpq-dev (8.4.10-0ubuntu0.11.04.1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place

And then just run bundle install again:

root@chris-VirtualBox:~/site# bundle install

There’s some documentation on the gems wiki page: https://bitbucket.org/ged/ruby-pg/wiki/Home