Tag Archives: Web API

Include UserId in Login Response (Token) – Web API 2

Hi everyone,

A quick post on how to include the user’s id in your login response when using Web API 2.

The default response to the /Token request is as follows:

{
“access_token”: “xxxxxxxxxxxxx_xxxx”,
“token_type”: “bearer”,
“expires_in”: 1209599,
“userName”: “test@test.com”,
“.issued”: “Mon, 23 Apr 2018 06:08:03 GMT”,
“.expires”: “Mon, 07 May 2018 06:08:03 GMT”
}

Once the changes below have been made the response will include a userId field:

{
“access_token”: “xxxxxxxxxxxxx_xxxx”,
“token_type”: “bearer”,
“expires_in”: 1209599,
“userName”: “test@test.com”,
“.issued”: “Mon, 23 Apr 2018 06:08:03 GMT”,
“.expires”: “Mon, 07 May 2018 06:08:03 GMT”,
“userId”: “xxxxxxx”
}

There are three very small changes required in order to add this functionality.

First, add an additional argument to CreateProperties in ApplicationOAuthProvider.cs

public static AuthenticationProperties CreateProperties(string userName, string userId)
{
IDictionary data = new Dictionary
{
{ "userName", userName },
// Add
{ "userId", userId }
};
return new AuthenticationProperties(data);
}

Pass userId to CreateProperties in ApplicationOauthProvider.

// ApplicationOAuthProvider.cs > GrantResourceOwnerCredentials
ClaimsIdentity oAuthIdentity = await user.GenerateUserIdentityAsync(userManager, OAuthDefaults.AuthenticationType);
ClaimsIdentity cookiesIdentity = await user.GenerateUserIdentityAsync(userManager,
CookieAuthenticationDefaults.AuthenticationType);

// Add user id
AuthenticationProperties properties = CreateProperties(user.UserName, user.Id);
AuthenticationTicket ticket = new AuthenticationTicket(oAuthIdentity, properties);
context.Validated(ticket);

Pass userId to CreateProperties in AccountController.

// AccountController.cs > GetExternalLogin
if (hasRegistered)
{
Authentication.SignOut(DefaultAuthenticationTypes.ExternalCookie);

ClaimsIdentity oAuthIdentity = await user.GenerateUserIdentityAsync(UserManager, OAuthDefaults.AuthenticationType);
ClaimsIdentity cookieIdentity = await user.GenerateUserIdentityAsync(UserManager,
CookieAuthenticationDefaults.AuthenticationType);

// Add userid
AuthenticationProperties properties = ApplicationOAuthProvider.CreateProperties(user.UserName, user.Id);
Authentication.SignIn(properties, oAuthIdentity, cookieIdentity);

Retrieving User Id in Web API 2 Controller – .NET

Hi everyone,

Just a quick post on how to retrieve the current user’s id in a Web API 2 controller:

var userId = RequestContext.Principal.Identity.GetUserId();

Note that you’ll need the following using statements:

using Microsoft.AspNet.Identity;
using System.Web.Http;

Thanks to the following stackoverflow post for the info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/21618056/522859

Unsupported_Grant_Type – MVC Web Api (error)

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error while attempting to authenticate using .NET Web Api:

POST http://localhost:63720/Token HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:63720
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 0
HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Date: Mon, 16 Apr 2018 14:18:06 GMT
Content-Length: 34

{“error”:”unsupported_grant_type”}

This one was pretty straight forward. Ensure that have the correct content-type:

Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

And finally, ensure that you provide a grant type in the request body:

grant_type=password&username=test_username&password=test_password

Thanks to the following stackoverflow post for the info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/29261024/522859

Could not find part of the path ‘C:\x\lib’ – Adding new Web API Project

Hey everyone,

I ran into the following error when I tried to add a new Web API project in Visual Studio Express 2015 for Web:

Could not find part of the path ‘C:\x\lib’

The workaround for this was to temporarily unbind the project from TFS: File > Source Control > Advanced > Change Source Control > Click unbind on each of the projects

While not the same problem, this post helped me out: https://github.com/NuGet/Home/issues/1164